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Citing Sources: MLA

In-Text Citations

In-text documentation is done through an author-work-date system, allowing the reader to locate your citation in your Reference list.

Basic Forms:
According to Gullans in his book Poetic Form, the importance of structure...(23).

(Page number only, when author/work cited is evident from context)

...In the book Poetic Form, importance of structure... (Gullans 23).
(
Author and Page, when author work needs to be identified)

…importance of structure... (Gullans, Poetic Form 23).
(
Author and Title and Page, when work is not identified in text)

MLA Style

MLA (Modern Language Association) style for documentation is widely used in the humanities, especially in writing on language and literature. MLA style features brief parenthetical citations in the text keyed to an alphabetical list of works cited that appears at the end of the work. MLA is commonly used in the Arts and Humanities (Source Official MLA website)

Books

Print Book

Structure:     Last, First M. Book. City: Publisher, Year Published. Print.

Example:     James, Henry. The Ambassadors. Rockville: Serenity, 2009. Print.

Book in Online Database

Format:       Last, First M. Book. City: Publisher, Year Published. Database Name. Web. Date Month                              Year Accessed.

Example:    Bloom, Harold, ed. Twentieth-Century British Poets. New York: Bloom's Literary Criticism,                           2011. Infobase Publishing eBooks. Web. 21 Dec. 2012.

Journals

Print Journal

Structure:     Last, First M., and First M. Last. "Article Title." Journal Title Series Volume. Issue (Year                                Published): Page(s). Print.

Example:     Jacoby, William G. "Public Attitudes Toward Government Spending." American Journal                                of Political Science 38.2 (1994): 336-61. Print.

Journal in Online Database

Format:        Last, First M. "Article Title." Journal Title Series Volume. Issue (Year Published):                                           Page(s). Database Name. Web. Date Month Year Accessed.

Example:     Jacoby, William G. "Public Attitudes Toward Government Spending." American Journal                               of Political Science 38.2 (1994): 336-61. JSTOR. Web. 23 Apr. 2010.

Websites

Structure:     Last name, First name. "Article Title." Website Title. Publisher of Website, Day Month                                  Year article was published. Web. Day Month Year article was accessed.

Example:    Cain, Kevin. "The Negative Effects of Facebook on Communication." Social Media Today                            RSS N.p., 29 June 2012. Web. 02 Jan. 2013.

Additional Resources